For almost all international students applying for either undergraduate or graduate admission, an essay, statement of intent or personal statement of experience must be submitted directly to the program being applied for. Additionally, letters of reference, examples of extracurricular involvement, community service, athletic participation, and scholarships won may all be required for acceptance to some programs.
Mature students (those older than 25 and out of school for at least 2 years) can also apply for post-secondary schooling. The normal entry requirements applied to younger students are generally not applied to mature applicants. If they do not meet the usual admission requirements already, but demonstrate intellectual maturity through the pursuit of interests, employment, or have overcome a significant hardship, then they are usually admitted.
Professional programs such as Medicine also have special requirements, usually similar to graduate school requirements. A previous degree or partial completion (2-3 years of a 4 year degree) is usually required before admission to these programs will be granted. Other admission criteria include writing a personal statement, previous academic records, and scores on various professional school tests, and interviews. Other professional programs such as Law or Engineering will have entry requirements similar to those of basic undergraduate admissions (although further education or accreditation is usually required after graduation in order to practice professionally).